Tajikistan Peace Agreement 1997

As a result of the meeting, the following agreements were reached: at the end of the war, Tajikistan was in a state of total devastation. The number of people killed has been estimated at between 30,000 and 60,000. About 1.2 million people were refugees inside and outside the country. Tajikistan`s physical infrastructure, public services and economy were in disarray and much of the population survived on subsistence funds from international humanitarian aid organizations. In December 1994, the United Nations set up an observer mission that maintained peace negotiations until the belligerents signed a comprehensive peace agreement in 1997. [27] – Refugee Protocol of January 13, 1997 (Annex IVII); 8 Protocol on Mutual Understanding between the President of Tajikistan, E.S. Rakhmonov, and the Leader of the United Tajik Opposition, His HighNess. Nuri, signed in Moscow on 27 June 1997 Joint commissions with an equal number of government and UTO representatives will monitor the implementation of the ceasefire and refugee return agreements. The CIS collective peacekeeping forces will assist in the ceasefire and the implementation of the Military Protocol. In the first agreements, the International Committee of the Red Cross will support the exchange of military personnel with UNMOT, an important confidence-building measure. Through its mission, the OSCE will facilitate the implementation of the General Agreement in areas related to human rights and the creation of democratic political and legal institutions.

It also has the task of creating an atmosphere of mutual trust and forgiveness and of dialogue between different political forces in order to promote national reconciliation. The CNR is composed equally of representatives of the government and the unified Tajik opposition (UTO) and is headed by a representative of the UTO, including a government representative as an alternate. It will set up subcommittees on political, military, refugee policy and legal issues. The UN Special Representative, UNMOT and the OSCE mission will support the NRC. The CNR will operate during the transition period between the signing of the General Agreement of June 1997 and will dissolve after the convening of the new Parliament. . . .

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