Simla Agreement Quora

The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla at the set time. The Summit was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship obliging the two countries to renounce the use of force in the event of a dispute, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to renounce opposing military alliances. Pakistan wanted to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. He rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would involve a lasting adoption of the Kashmir division and the withdrawal of the Kashmir dispute from the United Nations. After the war ended, local Indian and Pakistani military commanders agreed to a plan to evacuate points 5353, 5240 and 5165, through which the Line of Control passed. [15] [40] According to Ashok K. Mehta, a retired Major General of the Indian Army and chronicler of defence and security affairs, “none of them have ever been in the Indian Army. Nor did they belong to Pakistan at the time. [15] In late October 1999, units of the 8th Mountain Division were conquered by Indian Army Point 5240. They then conquered point 5165, apparently to prevent their capture by Pakistanis. [15] According to Ashok Mehta, “it was not difficult to take points 5240 and 5165 to maintain them.

The conundrum was not to take point 5353. It would seem that the unit that requested it said that it was impossible to achieve this. But Pakistan had broken the agreement of the local commanders and turned point 5353 into a permanent post occupied by ropes. [15] The Simla Conference of 1945 was a meeting between the Viceroy of India Lord Wavell and the main political leaders of British India at the Viceregal Lodge in Simla. Convened to approve and approve the Wavell Plan for Indian Autonomy, where a possible agreement was reached for India`s autonomy, which provides for separate representation of Muslims and reduced majority powers for both communities in their majority regions. The 1972 Line of Control is part of the Simla Agreement between India and Pakistan, in which both countries agreed to respect the line without prejudice to their respective positions in the Kashmir dispute. The line was decoupled by six army officers from India and Pakistan and signed on December 11, 1972. Its territorial precision is remarkable, according to scholar Brian Cloughley. With the agreement, a number of maps showing the border were also prepared and exchanged by the two sides. [18] [19] On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla Agreement are as follows: by Resolution 39 of 20 January 1948, the United Nations Security Council established a three-member United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP).

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